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The Hindu 2 August 2019

UPSC - Daily Current Affair






Indus Valley seals carried meaning like modern coins do, shows study



Manufacturing expands faster on fresh orders



Fake currency with face value of ₹4 lakh seized, two arrested 



Finding the data on missing girls



Kaziranga tigers: spotlight on official-poacher nexus




1.Indus Valley seals carried meaning like modern coins do, shows study (The Hindu, Page.22)


Prelims: Indian History 

Mains: GS, paper I, Art and Culture 


About Indus valley seals 


In news-According to a recent research A majority of the Indus Valley inscriptions were written logographically (by using word signs) and not by using phonograms (speech sounds units).

  • Discovered from nearly 4,000 ancient inscribed objects, including seals, tablets, ivory rods, pottery shards, etc., the Indus inscriptions are one of the most enigmatic legacies of the Indus Valley civilization which have not been deciphered due to the absence of bilingual texts, extreme brevity of the inscriptions, and ignorance about the language(s) encoded by Indus script.


About Indus valley seals 

  • It is possibly the most distinctive artefact of the Harappan or Indus valley civilization.

  • The purpose of producing seal was usually commercial.

  • Some of the seals have also been discovered in gold and ivory.

  • Made of a stone called steatite, seals like this one often contain animal motifs and signs from a script that remains undeciphered.

  • The round “Persian Gulf” seal found in Bahrain sometimes carries Harappan motifs.

  • Seals and sealings were used to facilitate long- distance communication.

  • Harappan seals usually have a line of writing, probably containing the name and title of the owner.

  • Most inscriptions are short, the longest containing about 26 signs.

  • The seals bear great variety of motifs often including animals such as bull, the elephant, tiger, goat, and also monsters.



2.Manufacturing expands faster on fresh orders (The Hindu, Page.16)


Prelims: Indian Economy 

Mains: GS, paper III, Indian Economy 


Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) and Index of Industrial Production (IIP)


In news - Manufacturing activity expanded at a quicker rate in July due to an increase in new orders and the resultant scaling up of production by companies.

Purchasing Managers Index (PMI)

Index of Industrial Production (IIP)

Published by Nikkei

Published by National Statistical Office (NSO)

Does not track the actual Production

Tracks the actual Production

Covers only 500 private sector companies

Covers both Private Sector as well as PSUs

Covers both Manufacturing and Services

Covers only the Manufacturing Sector

Less Comprehensive since it covers only private sector companies

More Comprehensive

Not used for GDP calculation

Used for GDP Calculation to account for the unorganised sector




3.Fake currency with face value of ₹4 lakh seized, two arrested (The Hindu, Page.03)


Mains: GS, paper III Security 


Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICN)



In news- Two persons have been arrested for allegedly carrying fake Indian currency notes of face value ₹4 lakh


Steps to Combat Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICN):


  • Strengthening the provisions in the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 to combat terror financing by criminalizing the production or smuggling or circulation of counterfeit Indian currency as a terrorist act.

  • A Terror Funding and Fake Currency Cell has been constituted in National Investigation Agency to conduct focused investigation of terror funding & fake currency cases.

  • Training programmes are regularly conducted for the State Police personnel on issues relating to combating FICN.

  • FICN network is one of the channels of terror financing in India. FICN Coordination Group has been formed by the MHA to share intelligence among the security agencies of the states/centre to counter FICN.

  • Enhanced coordination among security agencies of Centre & States to work in tandem & take action as per law.

  • Security at the international borders has been strengthened by using new surveillance technology, deploying additional manpower for round the clock surveillance, establishing observation posts along the international border, erection of border fencing and intensive patrolling.

  • A MoU has been signed between India & Bangladesh to prevent and counter smuggling and circulation of FICN.

  • Training programmes are conducted for the Police officials of Nepal & Bangladesh to sensitize them about smuggling/ counterfeiting of Indian currency and take help for local intelligence.

  • Demonetization was effort undertaken with one of the aims of removing Rs 500 & Rs 1000 FICN from circulation & moreover, continuous improvement in security features of notes to stop FICN.

  • Whenever a counterfeit currency note is detected by a Bank teller, it has to be impounded and stamped as fake. FIR is to be registered immediately by the bank authorities for all transactions in which five or more counterfeit currency notes are detected.





4.Finding the data on missing girls (The Hindu, Page.10)


Mains: GS paper I, Social Issues 


About Female foeticide


Current Context:

  • The Female foeticide continues to increase, as per the Sample Registration System (SRS) data released in July for the period 2015-2017. 
    SRS is calculated by the Office of Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.

  • The sex ratio at birth (SRB) has been dropping continuously since Census 2011, coming down from 909 girls per thousand boys in 2011-2013 to 896 girls in 2015-2017.

  • Thus, at present, about 5% of girls are ‘eliminated’ before they are born.
    Similarly, the SRB among first-born children is decreasing and is at was 927, meaning that 2.5% of first-born girls are eliminated before birth. 

  • But the government claims SRB has improved from 923 to 931 girls, based data from the Health Management Information System (HMIS). 

  • However, there is a fundamental flaw in the source because largely considers home deliveries, births in government institutions but under reports the births happening in private institutions. 

  • The problem with under-reporting of private institutions is that they are the main sites of gender determination and subsequent female foeticide. National Family Health Survey-4 (NFHS-4) had reported that 2.5 lakh births in the 2010-2014 period, the distribution of births at home, government hospitals and private hospitals was 21%, 52% and 27% respectively and the corresponding SRB figures were 969, 930 and 851.

  • Thus, private hospitals had a disproportionate excess of male children births, which the HMIS sample excludes.

  • Within this context, Niti Aayog has also said that they did not consider HMIS data because it was unreliable and used HMS data.

    Author's recommendation:


  • Governments and health professionals to focus on reducing the gender gaps at birth by strong implementation of the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act (PCPNDT Act) and punish those who want to determine the sex of the foetus.




5. Kaziranga tigers: spotlight on official-poacher nexus (The Hindu, Page.06)


Prelims: Environment and Ecology 

Mains: GS paper III, Environment and Ecology 


Kaziranga national park


In news-An evaluation report on India’s tiger reserves has put the spotlight on an alleged nexus between some officials of Kaziranga National Park and poachers. Kaziranga, a World Heritage Site designated by UNESCO, is more popular as the world’s best address for the one-horned rhino. It is also been a major tiger reserve covering an area of 1,080 sq km.

 About Kaziranga national park – 

  • Location - in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam

  • It hosts two-thirds of the world's great one-horned rhinoceroses

  • It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

  • Kaziranga is home to the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world. It is also a tiger reserve.

  • Kaziranga is recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International for conservation of avifaunal species

  • Rivers that cross Kaziranga - Brahmaputra, Diphlu, Mora Diphlu and Mora Dhansiri

  • Rhino is protected Under schedule 1 of wild life protection Act 1972.


Schedules of WPA 1972- 

  • Schedule 1 – and part 2 of schedule 2 have absolute protection – i.e offences under these are prescribed the highest penalties.

  • Schedule 3 and 4 – penalties are lower compared to the above schedules.

  • Schedule 5 – vermins are listed in this schedule. they can be hunted.

  • Vermins - wild animals which are believed to be harmful to crops, farm animals, or game, or which carry disease. 

  • Schedule 6 – cultivation, collection, extraction, trade of plants and its derivatives listed in this schedule is prohibited.




Kaleeswari - 02 Mar 2020

Very nice explanation ... continue the another months sir