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Daily Current affairs 6 NOVEMBER 2018

UPSC - Daily Current Affair

[op-ed snap] The forgotten million: on Indian soldiers in World War I



Mains Paper 1: History | All syllabus

From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Quit India Movement

Mains level: World war 1, 2 & India’s contribution in it


Role of Indian soldiers in WW-I

  1. One hundred years after the end of World War I, the immense sacrifice and contributions of well over a million soldiers of undivided India are being incrementally recognised and memorialised the world over
  2. In France, the centenary celebrations of Armistice Day on November 11 will include the unveiling of the second overseas national war memorial for Indian soldiers
  3. The first such memorial abroad, formalised in 2002, is the Menin Gate in Ypres, Belgium, which is a recognition that more than 130,000 Indian soldiers fought in WWI in Belgium, at least 10,000 of whom lost their lives on the battlefield
  4. Last month, British Prime Minister Theresa May pledged to wear a khadi poppy in honour of more than 74,000 soldiers from pre-Partition India who fought on the side of the allies and died in battle

Not received proper respect from the British

  1. In the early days of the War, troops of the Indian Army, backed by the political bourgeoisie, were enthusiastic in responding to the British government’s call for military support from India
  2. This was because, although the swadeshi movement was underway, the freedom movement was in a fledgeling stage
  3. Even Mahatma Gandhi was open to Indians enlisting and learning to defend themselves using arms, as were leaders such as Bal Gangadhar Tilak
  4. Despite this, the Indian troops were given inhumane treatment, including floggings, denial of home leave, and brazenly racial-discriminatory treatment

Influence of World Wars on India’s freedom movement and future

  1. The pressure for the enlistment of Indians in the World War II effort produced an entirely different outcome — the Quit India movement and the escalation of the freedom movement
  2. WWI also influenced the collective psyche of the government of independent India, starting with the tenets of non-alignment that came to embody a core mantra of the country’s foreign policy ethos

Way forward

  1. While India remains wary of ‘treaty alliances’ and steers clear of combat involvement in third-party conflicts, it is the third-largest contributor of military and police personnel to UN peacekeeping missions
  2. Though the conditions faced by Indian peacekeepers must be difficult, they must be thankful that their country would never put them in the sort of situation that their predecessors faced from 1914 to 1918


[pib] Ministry of Food Processing Industries issues guidelines for OPERATION GREENS



Mains Paper 3: Agriculture | Food processing & related industries in India- scope & significance, location, upstream & downstream requirements, supply chain management

From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Operation Greens

Mains level: Need for revolutionary measures in the supply and processing of agricultural produce


Guidelines for Operation Greens

  1. Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) has approved the operationalisation strategy for Operation Greens
  2. Operation Greens was announced in the Budget speech of 2018-19 with an outlay of Rs 500 crores to stabilize the supply of Tomato, Onion and Potato(TOP) crops and to ensure availability of TOP crops throughout the country round the year without price volatility

The strategy

The strategy will comprise of a series of measures which include:

(I)        Short-term Price Stabilisation Measures

NAFED will be the Nodal Agency to implement price stabilisation measures. MoFPI will provide 50% of the subsidy on the following two components:

  1. Transportation of Tomato Onion Potato(TOP) Crops from production to storage;
  2. Hiring of appropriate storage facilities for TOP Crops;

(II)       Long-Term Integrated value chain development projects

  1. Capacity Building of FPOs & their consortium
  2. Quality production
  3. Post-harvest processing facilities
  4. Agri-Logistics
  5. Marketing / Consumption Points
  6. Creation and Management of e-platform for demand and supply management of TOP Crops.

Objectives of Operation Greens

  1. Enhancing value realisation of TOP farmers by targeted interventions to strengthen TOP production clusters and their FPOs, and linking/connecting them with the market.
  2.  Price stabilisation for producers and consumers by proper production planning in the TOP clusters and introduction of dual-use varieties.
  3.  Reduction in post-harvest losses by the creation of farm gate infrastructure, development of suitable agro-logistics, the creation of appropriate storage capacity linking consumption centres.
  4.  Increase in food processing capacities and value addition in the TOP value chain with firm linkages with production clusters.
  5.  Setting up of a market intelligence network to collect and collate real-time data on demand and supply and price of TOP crops





Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Ayurveda Day, A-HMIS

Mains level: Need of promoting AYUSH system of medicines


Ayurveda day 

  1. Ministry of AYUSH observes Ayurveda Day every year on Dhanawantari Jayanti (Dhanteras)
  2. This year Ayurveda Day was observed on 5th November 2018
  3. On this occasion, Ministry also organised a “National Seminar on Entrepreneurship and Business Development in Ayurveda” in association with NITI Aayog
  4. The seminar is expected to develop awareness among stakeholders about the business opportunities, encouraging young entrepreneurs to use of modern technologies and modern innovations in business development in the sector and to highlight opportunities at a global level

AYUSH-Health Management Information System (A-HMIS)

  1. It is a dedicated software application for Electronic Health Record (EHR) for the AYUSH systems of Healthcare
  2. A-HIMS was launched across 15 AYUSH units in different parts of the country in the first phase on 5th November 2018
  3. It is expected to revolutionise the way Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy are practised in the country, by inducting modern IT-solutions into these systems


First India-Nepal passenger train on broad gauge to make first run in December


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Mains Paper 2: IR | India & its neighborhood- relations.

From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Not much

Mains level: Nepal’s recent proximity to China and India’s efforts at winning back Nepal’s trust


Increasing connectivity with Nepal

  1. The first passenger train to run on broad gauge between India and Nepal is likely to run from December this year
  2. The train will run from Jayanagar in Bihar to Kurtha in Dhanusa district in Janakpur Zone of south-eastern Nepal, which is a 34 km stretch
  3. The Jayanagar-Kurtha rail line was originally built during the British Raj to transport logs from forests at Mahottari to India
  4. No visa will be required for Indian and Nepalese nationals crossing the border through this stretch

Why such move?

  1. The move is being seen as part of efforts to counter China’s plans to forge rail links with Nepal
  2. After Beijing decided to extend its railway network up to Kathmandu, New Delhi proposed the construction of new railway links during Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli’s recent visit to India

About the project

  1. Nepal and India have plans for four cross-border railway links, including one to link Raxaul to Kathmandu
  2. The Rs 5.5-billion (Nepalese Rs 8.8 billion) project is divided into three phases
  3. Of the total length, only three kilometres is in Indian territory


Global Drug Survey set to cover Indians



Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Global Drug Survey

Mains level: Lack of awareness related to drugs in India and interventions required to reduce drug abuse


Understanding India’s health issues

  1. The 2018 edition of the Global Drug Survey, the largest poll of its kind in the world surveyed recreational drug use among 1,30,000 people spanning 44 countries
  2. The GDS for 2019 will survey, for the first time, consumption trends in alcohol, cannabis and opiates in India

About GDS

  1. The GDS uses an encrypted, online platform to conduct annual anonymous surveys
  2. No IP addresses are collected and the survey is independent of governments
  3. A key objective of the survey is to understand how advances in technology are influencing drug use and the complexities this pose in determining the levels of harmful dosage and how those who sought to reduce drug-related harm responded
  4. The GDS 2019 will probe social issues, including how the police treat people who use drugs, and the complex problem of sexual assault, consent and drug use

Lack of research in India

  1. Few studies have looked at the use of alcohol and illicit drugs and consequences faced by drug users in India
  2. A 2004 survey by the Union Ministry of Social Justice on the extent and pattern and trends of drug abuse left out women


India’s nuclear triad is complete with INS Arihant ending its first deterrence patrol


Image result for nuclear triad of india


Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Achievements of Indians in science & technology

From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: INS Arihant, Nuclear Triad, ATV project

Mains level: Boost to India’s security establishment with nuclear triad becoming operational


India announces complete nuclear deterrence

  1. India has declared that its nuclear triad, stated in its nuclear doctrine, is operational
  2. This was after indigenous ballistic missile nuclear submarine INS Arihant achieved a milestone by conducting its first deterrence patrol
  3. It essentially means that Arihant is now prowling the deep seas carrying ballistic missiles equipped with nuclear warheads
  4. The second submarine in the series, Arighat is now undergoing sea trials after which it will be inducted into service

Development of INS Arihant

  1. INS Arihant, a strategic asset, was developed for over two decades under the Advanced Technology Vessel (ATV) programme
  2. INS Arihant is India’s first indigenously-designed, developed and manufactured nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine, and three more such submarines are reportedly under various stages of construction
  3. INS Arihant development project was officially acknowledged in 1998 and the submarine was launched in 2009
  4. The nuclear reactor of the submarine went critical in 2013 and it was commissioned three years later

Reliability of INS Arihant

  1. It comes directly under the Nuclear Command Authority headed by the Prime Minister
  2. Given India’s stated position of ‘No-First-Use’ (NFU) in launching nuclear weapons, the SSBN is the most dependable platform for a second-strike
  3. Because they are powered by nuclear reactors, these submarines can stay underwater indefinitely without the adversary detecting it. The other two platforms — land-based and air-launched are far easier to detect
  4. This places India in the league of the few countries that can design, construct and operate SSBN

About NFU policy

  1. In 1998, India conducted nuclear tests under Pokhran-II and in 2003, it declared its nuclear doctrine based on credible minimum deterrence and an NFU policy while reserving the right of massive retaliation if struck with nuclear weapons first



Centre eyes seaplanes in UDAN 3


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Mains Paper 3: Economy | Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: UDAN scheme

Mains level: Need and importance of better air connectivity in India


UDAN – Regional Connectivity Scheme

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Ministry/Department:  Ministry of Civil Aviation


UDAN stands for Ude Desh ka Aam Nagrik


Objective: To get more people to fly in the smaller towns. To boost regional air connectivity and provide various incentives to airlines. Aims that at least half the seats on every flight should have a fare cap of Rs2,500 per seat per hour of flying.



  • The UDAN scheme seeks to provide connectivity to un-served and under-served airports of the country through revival of existing air-strips and airports.
  • This first-of-its-kind scheme will ensure affordability, connectivity, growth and development.
  • It aims to increase ticketing volume from 80 million to 300 million by 2022.
  • Under it regional connectivity will be developed on market-based mechanism under which Airlines will bid for seat subsidies.
  • It will create affordable yet economically viable and profitable flights on regional routes so that flying becomes affordable to the common man even in small towns.
  • Under it, airlines will have complete freedom to enter into code sharing with larger airlines for connectivity and they will be exempted from various airport charges.
  • Airlines will have exclusive rights for three years to fly on a particular regional route.
  • On these routes for regional flights Airfares will be capped at 2500 rupees for an hour’s flight.
  • Central and State governments and airport operators will provide a financial stimulus in the form of concessions to airlines
  • The mechanism of Viability Gap Funding (VGF) will be provided to interested airlines to kick-off operations from such airports so that the passenger fares are kept affordable
  • Government will provide subsidy to airlines for first three years of operations when they will have exclusive flying rights on the selected routes.
  • Once the market in these routes gets jump started, it will operate on a commercial basis as per market forces of supply and demand.



  • UDAN can be mentioned in answers related to infrastructure, innovative steps taken by government - UDAN – Regional Connectivity Scheme


UDAN Phase 3

  1. Opening the third round of the regional connectivity scheme (RCS), the Ministry of Civil Aviation has invited proposals for air routes that include tourist destinations
  2. Seaplanes may soon be operating commercial passenger flights in India with the Centre inviting bids for connecting selected destinations under the RCS
  3. Few destinations that the government proposes to connect through seaplanes are the recently unveiled Statue of Unity at Sardar Sarovar Dam, Sabarmati Riverfront in Ahmedabad, Tehri Dam in Uttarakhand and Nagarjuna Sagar in Telangana

Offerings in phase 3

  1. In the latest phase, the Centre is reoffering 34 airports that weren’t successfully connected
  2. Some destinations have been put on the block again as helicopter operations failed to take off
  3. The Centre has also offered 23 tourist destinations including Bodh Gaya, Agra, Kanha, Varanasi, Hampi, Mysore and Kullu
  4. The previous two rounds saw a total of 428 routes awarded to 17 airlines and helicopter operators