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Daily Current affairs 16 June 2019

UPSC - Daily Current Affair

SL. NO.

TOPICS

THE HINDU

PAGE NO.

1

Why does Assam need more Foreigners Tribunals?

14

2

Targeting tankers in the Gulf

12

3

Smoke billows from city fields

05

4

Maharashtra stares at severe water crisis

09

5

Eastern Himalayas, a treasure trove of Balsams

09

6

Stubble Burning

05

Title

  1. Why does Assam need more Foreigners Tribunals? (The Hindu, Page – 14)

Syllabus

Mains: GS Paper 2 under Polity & Governance

Theme

Foreigners Tribunal

 

Assam suffers from huge problem of illegal migrants from Bangladesh.

Now on directions of the Supreme Court, the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, under the Union Home Ministry, published the final draft list of the National Register of Citizens on July 30, 2018.  NRC is meant to segregate Indian citizens living in Assam, from those who had illegally entered the Assam from Bangladesh after March 25, 1971.

However, nearly 40 lakh people were excluded from the final draft. In the course of the year, 36 lakh people filed claims against the exclusion; the remaining four lakh did not apply. These claims which are filed are heard by the Foreigners Tribunal. 100 Foreigners Tribunals currently exist across across the State.

Now, final list of NRC is to be published by July 31 and to give a proper hearing to those excluded from the final list and to handle the influx of applications, the Ministry of Home Affairs sanctioned 1,000 additional F.T. to be setup in Assam. Of these, 400 will come up in the next one month before the final publication of the list.

 

FT is headed by a member appointed under the Foreigners Tribunal Act, 1941 and Foreigners (Tribunal) Order, 1984. Specific guidelines are issued by the government from time to time. A member can be a retired judicial officer of the Assam Judicial Service, a retired civil servant not below the rank of Secretary and Additional Secretary with judicial experience, or a practising advocate not below the age of 35 years and with at least seven years of practice. The member is also required to have a fair knowledge of the official languages of Assam (Assamese, Bengali, Bodo and English) and the State’s historical background giving rise to the foreigners’ issue.

 

The Assam Police Border Organisation, a wing of the State police tasked with detecting foreigners, readies the cases for the tribunals to decide who is a foreigner and who is not.

Foreigners (Tribunals) Amd. Order, 2019 empowers district magistrates in all States/UTs to set up tribunals.

 

 

 

Title

  1. Targeting tankers in the Gulf – (The Hindu, Page-12)

Area of interest

Prelims: International Relations

Theme

Strait of Hormuz

Highlights

Why is Strait of Hormuz important?

The Gulf lies between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. Besides Iran and Saudi Arabia, Oman, the UAE, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait and Iraq also share the Gulf coastline. As all these countries are energy-rich, the Gulf has naturally emerged as a major trade route. Strait of Hormuz is a choke-point between the Gulf and the open ocean. With Iran on its northern coast and the UAE and an Omanian enclave on the south, the Strait, at its narrowest point, has a width of 34 km. A third of crude oil exports transported via ships pass through the Strait, which makes it the world’s most important oil artery.

 

The last ‘Tanker War’

In the 1980s, when Iran and Iraq were locked in a protracted conflict, both sides targeted each other’s energy vessels in the Gulf and on the Strait of Hormuz. Iraq started the ‘Tanker War’ by targeting ships carrying Iranian fuel in 1981. Three years later, Iran started attacking vessels carrying Iraqi fuel, turning the Gulf waters into a war zone.

 

 

 

Title

  1. Smoke billows from city fields (The Hindu, Page-5)

Syllabus

Prelims: Environment & Biodiversity

Theme

About National Clean Air Programme

Highlights

The National Clean Air Programme is a pollution control initiative launched by the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change, with the intention to cut the concentration of  Coarse Particulate (PM10) and Fine particles (PM 2.5) by 20-30% by 2024 (compared to 2017 levels). It will be a mid-term, five-year action plan with 2019 as the first year.

It aims to provide the States and the Centre with a framework to combat air pollution, whereby it underlines need for close collaboration and cross-sectoral coordination among central ministries, state governments and local bodies.  It also includes non-govt. partnerships with academia, policy groups, etc.

The aims of the plan align with existing policies and programs, including the National Action Plan on Climate Change, initiatives on electric vehicles, the Smart Cities Mission etc.

An Apex Committee at the MoEF&CC at the national level, and at the Chief Secretary level in the States will be constituted to oversee implementation.

 

It is being implemented on a city scale. Cities are selected based upon reports by WHO and the air quality data obtained. 102 cities from 23 States and UTs have been chosen as non-attainment cities. With the exception of Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Bengaluru, most of those chosen are tier two cities.

Maharashtra tops the list and UP comes second in list. No cities from Manipur, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Tripura, Kerala, Goa and Haryana figure in the list.

 

Title

4. Maharashtra stares at severe water crisis (The Hindu, Page-09)

Syllabus

Mains : GS Paper III: Environment

Theme

Water Crisis

Highlights

Problem:

Maharashtra’s dams are left with only 6.61% of the total capacity of water, which is further depleting due to delay in monsoon rains.

 

Solution being undertaken:

Short term: Supply of water through tankers

Long term: Dams would be interconnected with pipelines and a supply network would be created across the region. The plan, under consideration for the last few years, will be implemented with the help of the newly formed Jal Shakti Ministry at the Centre.

 




 

    


 

Title

5. Eastern Himalayas, a treasure trove of Balsams (The Hindu, Page-09)

Syllabus

Prelims: Environment & Biodiversity

Theme

About Balsams

Highlights

Why in News

Researchers working with Botanical Survey of India have published about the endemic species of

Balsams found in India. The book describes 83 species, 45 of which are from Arunachal Pradesh, 24

from Sikkim, 16 species common to both. Of these 23 are newly discovered species.

 

About Balsams:

They are a group of flowering plants, widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere and the

tropics in Africa, Eurasia and North America. Most Impatiens species occur in the tropical and

subtropical mountain forests in Africa, Madagascar, Himalayas, Western Ghats and South east Asia.

They are both annual and perennial herbs.

They are succulent plants with high endemism.

These plants have bright beautiful flowers, thus are of a prized horticultural significance.

It is also considered as a Invasive Species and tends to dominate riparian vegetation along polluted

rivers and nitrogen-rich spots.

 

Ecology:

Species of Impatiens cannot endure persistent drought or extended exposure to direct sunlight. As a

result Impatiens species are typically confined to stream margins, moist roadsides, waterside

boulders, near waterfalls and wet forests.Impatiens are highly sensitive to climate change.

 They have high endemism to the Eastern Himalayan region.

 

 

 

 



 

Title

6. Stubble Burning (The Hindu, Page-05)

Syllabus

Prelims: Environment & Biodiversity

Theme

About Stubble Burning

Highlights

 

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